Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.

Macondo is a cradle of culture in Nadodrze. It is a combination of art gallery,  cafe,  bookshop, and meeting place. Name of the place is from the book One Hundred Years of Solitude written by Gabriel García Márquez. Every month Macondo organises lots of cultural events. Due to an array of events, everyone can probably find something for himself. Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.

EXHIBITIONS

Every month Macondo organises a vernissage. Artists present their works from many areas. You could see paintings, sculptures, graphics, drawings, photos as well as posters or collages. Certainly, you wold not be bored. You can visit all the exhibitions for free.

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.
Poster from the exhibition of American posters made by Yee-Haw studio

DRAWING SUNDAY

If you are interested in drawings you should visit Macondo on Sunday. You have an opportunity to attend the drawing meetings. Every class have a different theme. The teachers are experienced artists. Organiser provides drawing stuff. Entry costs between 20 and 30 zlotych.

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.
Drawing by Lena Czerniawska – one of the Macondo’s founders

AEROPLANE

It is a series of improvised and experimental music performances. Therefore you should prepare for unexpectable. They take place one per month. There is a cosy atmosphere.  If you like untypical music get to know Macondo. This is the most noteworthy place for those events. Entry for aeroplanes is free.

Drawing Sunday's announcement
Music is my Aeroplane – poster

WORKSHOPS

In Macondo, you can take a part in many workshops. The most popular are calligraphy workshops. You can choose for example Japanese calligraphy or calligraphy from the 20’s.  Workshops are organised a few times a month. Macondo provides all essential calligraphy tools hence entry is paid – from 30 to 40 zlotych.

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.
Calligraffiti – one of the theme on calligraphy workshops

FAJF

It is a series of discussion meetings. Maybe you would like to improve your polish language skills. Take the chance to check yourself. Every meeting has its own topic. Exemplary topics are about music, philosophy.  Furthermore, it seems to be a great occasion to meet new friends. Of course, FAJF is free.

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.
Poster from FAJF about music theory

HASYAYOGA

Every Monday you can visit Macondo and take a part in specific yoga exercises. Hasyayoga is about unconditional laughing.  The laugh should not depend on your mood or your sense of humour. It’s rather about training correct breathing while laughing. As a result, it decreases the level of stress. Finally, it helps to find your internal balanced. Entry is free.

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.
Hasyayoga graphic

OTHER EVENTS

Let’s meet in Macondo. You would find there even more. Are you interested in literature? Check the meetings about favourites writers. Do you probably like journeys? Visit Macondo and talk about it with an experienced traveller. Maybe you just want to drink a cup of coffee? Here you are! What can I say? Convince yourself to check this place. Discover undiscovered. Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.
Macondo inside

Location

ul. Pomorska 19, Wrocław

Opening hours

12:00 – 20:00 (unless there is something going on)

Schedule

Check the recent schedule on Macondo’s fan page: https://www.facebook.com/pg/macondo.fundacja/events/?ref=page_internal

Dive into the culture. Get to know Macondo.
Macondo schedule for October

Websites:

https://macondofundacja.weebly.com/

https://www.facebook.com/macondo.fundacja/

 

Jatki for artists, vegans and animal lovers

Jatki for artists, vegans and animal lovers is an unique and interesting street in Wroclaw.

It was formerly a street lined up with butchers. You can still see the channel where the blood of animals slaughtered for their meat. This is perfect destination for animal lovers who fight for animal rights.

https://visitwroclaw.eu/en/place/jatki-the-shambles-wroclaw

Polish artists have installed the bronze statue of a pig, a goose, a goat and a rabbit in honour of the million animals who died there since the middle ages.

Jatki are situated just a short walk from Rynek . it is worth taking a few moments to visit here.

This is architecturally different to other streets in the city. The first floor juts out over the ground floor. The shops are all craft related. Also several specialising in glass and similar ornaments.

Let,s see the most interestong and well-known places worth to visit in Jatki.

  • BB Gallery, ul. Jatki 3-6

It promotes and sells Polish applied and decorativd art, design as well as sculpture, painting and graphics. Moreover, it cooperate pernamently with over 80 Polish artists. The gallery has completed over 100 exhibitions. It runs artistic workshops in ceramics, glass and stained glass. Beside this,  works mainly with young artists.

  • Artists Club , ul. Jatki 1-2

Nightclub that breathes a real, artistic atmosphere. The initiation of organizational , cultural activities and spiritual care is exercised by Stanislaw Wolski, known to Wroclawers from his vigor and good manners.

  • M Gallery at Sare Jatki 10

Organise exhibitions with focus on painting, sculpture, glass and ceramic arts. Moreover it publishes visual materials such as catalogues, cards, invitations and calendars. Also it runs activities such as interior design workshops.

  • Tkacka Gallery at Jatki 9/13

The exhibitions in this gallery are devoted to the art of fiber. There is also sale of works of art, artistic clothing, souveneirs, weaving and knitting articles. Organised artistic weaving courses and international weaving looms. This is the only gallery of this type in Poland.

  • Wroclaw Gallery, ul. Jatki 11

This gallery presents nd sells works related to Wroclaw. These are: graphics, watercolors, oil paintings, stained glass windows, photographs.

  • Na Jatkach Galleries, ul. Stare Jatki

A group of several galleries located on Old Jatki street. This street is situated between  Odrzanska Street and Kielbasnicza Street.

  • Association of Polish Artists- Painters

This association conducts statutory activities for its members ans widely understood fine arts. First of all it deals with promotion, exhibition. Moreover organisation of open air exhibitions and other artistic events. Finally there are galleries that run independent business and artistic activities.

  • Na Jatkach Shop, ul. Jatki 16

 Artistic shop for the begginers and experienced artists.

  • Na Jatkach Club, ul. Swietej Elzbiety 3 / 4

Nightclub which has been rewarded to be the best club in Wroclaw. This is thanks to the atmosphere, service and decoration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Murals in Wroclaw – how to paint your city

Murals in Wroclaw

Murals in Wroclaw

Murals around us… Are you sometimes wondering around the city, looking at the grey and dirty walls of blocks and empty buildings? Are you even looking up while wondering via city? In Wroclaw there is a good reason for looking up and on the walls. There is a place on Roosevelt Street where it seems that murals are covering almost all the walls. This street is one of most unforgettable and absorbing experiences. But if you make sure to look around while walking around you’ll notice that murals in Wroclaw are quite common feature of the city, next to the dwarfs.

Generalnie dramat

While coming by train to the city you can see one of the murals in Wroclaw, the painting of a woman sitting in a chair with the text “generally drama”. It’s probably one of mine favorite ones out there, maybe because artist could capture the tiredness and the air of overall lack optimism of the woman they painted.

.

Strange people

On the crossroads with Braniborska street, near the Swiebodzki train station, there is unexpected painting covering not very high wall of the building with garages or stores. Another unexpected sight will meet us while wondering near Odra. In a small backyard between block of flats, there is some amazing painting covering another wall. It gives a simple yard quite a twist.

Ruska street

Of course, the Ruska street is one of the most famous and the most colorful places with murals in Wroclaw you can find. The whole backyard was turned into magical place with amazing and unforgettable paintings.  Joined forces of the residents of the blocks around and Wroclaw’s artists from OKAP (Backyard’s Cultural Animation Center) created Murals on Ruska street.

They created something that’s definitely on all maps of murals in Wroclaw. Now this street is one of the most famous and attended places. What I do recommend is to walk around looking around. Not only for dwarfs which are attention grabbing but for murals in Wroclaw. Some of them are inspiring, some are quite obscure and some are simply beautiful making the city much more colorful.

Why we love Tamka?

Tamka Island ART HUB x CLUB

A few words about the place:

Tamka Island is one of the smallest Odra islands. Art Hub was created on five levels: the space in the building is shared with artists and friendly initiatives. It is treated by the owner as an artistic project outside of the purpose of co-creating various events taking place there. Art Hub is to be a platform on which not only all artists can gather, but also act together. In the building, in addition to the studio, there is a club and a bar (cafe). The common part in which takes place weekend cultural events, has been renovated.

The remaining rooms are in turn renewed by the creators working in them. It is a combination of a club and space for rent for studios, and offices for artists. There is also a photo / video studio available in the building, Music studios, photo studios, event agency, art gallery or Capoeira Academy. As part of electro jam you can also listen to (or create yourself) live improvised electronics. And this is end of introduction word.

Basic information

So first of all , where is Tamka? Tamka is in center, between Wroclaw University and Slodowa Island. Open Hour? Since 12:00 until last guests actually, sometimes we can go to the party at Friday evening, and get back home at Sunday afternoon.

Is there something to eat? Of course ! There is Pizza bar, open during day till 2 or 3 p.m. there is great bar, they have a lot of special drinks, if you like to try new taste– this place is for you. As on every beach bar, there is a beach, a lot of people is goes here barefoot. There are hamakoos too, so if you want take a nap, feel free and lay down.

Tamka is a place for everyone, for them who like to commune with art there is a lot of exhibition, for them who like party in every weekend plays new artist , for them who love to meet new interesting people, there is a lot of people with the same interests.

Upcoming events :

6-20.09 Karolina Wojtas: Train to knowledge exhibition in the frame of TIFF Open competition. Through her photographs, the artist shows a school in Gombrowicz’s  , that is, full of absurdities, also those experienced by Jozio literally withdrawn in his dream to the gymnasium.

9.09 Musical Sunday on the Tamka, on the stage : Dave Haco

14.09 Mindfuckers na Tamce , on the stage : Mateusz Anuszewski aka Matt Vein, Dawid Grabowski aka Rodrigezz, tax 10 pln

15.09 Electronica Africa x regime , on the stage : Dejot, DJ Ryan R, Regime, Young Majli, Wojtek Furmaniak, Electronica Africa, Ttax 10 pln .

23.09 Open beer brewingon Tamka,  with Browar Sabotaż, during this day, you can participate in beer brewing workshops

Where to go for a short vacation trip from Wrocław?

http://sokolowsko.info/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/sokolowsko_0361-600×400.jpg

The city is nice but hey! It is summer, time for a trip.
If You are searching for a little rest, nature,mountains, art and music-  Sokołowsko might be great place for You. It is not that far from Wrocław. You only need two days off,  backpack and a train ticket. Oh, and friends to share great moments with.

HISTORY OF SOKOŁOWSKO

Until the mid-nineteenth century  Goerbersdorf- a small mountain village did not differ in any way from other villages belonging to the Hochbergs. In 1845, countess von Colomb came here for a vacation. She was enchanted by the landscape and convinced by the uniqueness of the place so she persuaded her brother-in-law  Dr Hermann Brehmer
to create a health resort there. In 1945, in honor of the count’s friendship with Professor Alfred Sokołowski, the village received a new name – Sokołowsko.
In 1855 Sokołowsko became a place of the world’s first specialist tuberculosis sanatorium. After World War II, the spa was reclassified from the tuberculosis profile to the treatment profile for respiratory diseases. In the following years, attempts were made to create a Provincial Winter Sports Center. Unfortunatelly it turned out to be a costly undertaking and the implementation has never been completed.
In October 2005, the inhabitants of Sokołowsko heard an explosion,
a moment later the building was consumed by a fire. The fire burned the whole roof of the sanatorium building. The wooden elements disappeared, the vaults collapsed, the wall and ceiling paintings were burned.
A new, surprising chapter in the history of Sokołowsko was the purchase of the object by the Contemporary Art Foundation, which main goal was to rebuild the burned Sanatorium of Dr. Brehmer and create the International Laboratory of Culture there.

Sokołowsko - dawne sanatorium Grunwald
https://ocdn.eu/pulscms-transforms/1/cC0ktkpTURBXy9kNjgyYjY5OTQyMzk4NTIxYzY4NzllN2U0MDM2ZjAxZS5qcGeSlQMTAc0Dl80CBZMFzQMgzQHC

 

Międzynarodowe Laboratorium Kultury (d. sanatorium Grunwald), ul. Różana, Sokołowsko
https://dolny-slask.org.pl/foto/453/Miedzynarodowe_Laboratorium_Kultury_d_sanatorium_Grunwald_ul_Rozana_Sokolowsko_453356.jpg

NEW LIFE OF SOKOŁOWSKO WITH “IN SITU” FOUNDATION

In Situ Foundation, which means “in place” was founded in 2004 in Podkowa Leśna by artists Bożenna Biskupska and Zygmunt Rytka. “In situ is an activity in a place that, no matter where it is located, can become an art space. In Situ initiates the possibility of creation of infinite permutations, number of solutions and searches, creates
a field and the conditions for action and the interpenetration of time, space, people and various areas, and above all, create zones for a free creative and scientific research process.”- tells Bożenna BiskupskaIn 2012, the headquarters from Warsaw were moved to Sokołowsko. Along with the new president, Zuzanna Fogtt, new goals have been defined: “Creating space for the implementation of international artistic projects, diverse and interdisciplinary creative activities, research, meetings, confronting views, exchanges and experiences, as well as popularizing innovative artistic attitudes.”

ACTIVITIES, ART, FESTIVALS

The cyclical activities of the In Situ foundation include: Ephesus Art Festival Konteksty/The Contexts, Hommage à Kieślowski, Sanatorium Dźwięku/ Sound Sanatorium.

SOUND SANATORIUM

In Sokołowsko, postmodern chaos arose from a mixture of Neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau buildings, and the fauna and flora of the mountain landscapes proved to be the perfect basis for the experimental music festival – Sanatorium Dźwięku – a festival created by Zuzanna Fogtt and Gerard Lebik. The festival presents a wide spectrum of musical forms of the XX / XXI century – concerts, realizations from the border of sound art, interdisciplinary performance. The festival takes place in Health Kinoteatre in Sokołowiec, in the Multimedia Hall, Spa Park, but also within the ruins of the nineteenth-century sanatorium. Every year, the festival attracts hundreds of music lovers from around the world. The fifth edition of the festival did not receive funding from the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, therefore the foundation conducts a fundraising campaign from voluntary donors, so that this year the patients could come to the music session to the Sanatorium Dźwięku.

http://www.dwutygodnik.com/public/media/article/image_full/6084.jpg

HOMMAGE A KIEŚLOWSKI

Three-day celebration for the greatest cinema enthusiasts, especially Kieślowski’s films, but also those “after Kieślowski”, ie debutants, students of film schools, directors and directors who created after 2000. Away from the urban momentum Sokołowsko becomes a meeting place for film creators and recipients, it gives the opportunity to meet famous actors, directors and interact with them in the extraordinary beauty of landscapes “For three festival days, we propose discussions, introductions to films referring to the spirit of the DKF and promoting cinema as a place to broaden the horizons of thought, putting into question our own, often unfair or outdated opinions.”. The festival program is divided into three parts. Documentary cinema “Without fiction”, a European feature film “Re: Interpretations” and Kieślowski’s films, meaning “Hommage and Kieślowski.” Film screenings are intertwined with a discussion between film scientists, philosophers, filmmakers and the audience. Kieślowski said: “Live and look carefully!”

The festival realizes this idea.

http://g3.gazetaprawna.pl/p/_wspolne/pliki/3456000/3456878-festiwal-hommage-a-kieslowski.jpg

THE CONTEXTS

Festival of Ephemeral Art. Performance art festival. With this project, the In Situ foundation proves once again that art can be at the fingertips of every human being. Periodically the performers of the performance and its recipients gather in Sokołowsko.They are looking for the answer to the question: “Is art a foreign body in society or maybe its integral element? ” Apart from the world-famous artists during the Konteksty Festival, there will also be a place for the” Open Platform “, a section enabling young artists to present their realizations.

http://www.sokolowsko.org/contexts/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2018/06/Gim-Gwand-Cheol_Park-Kyeong-Hwa_Logic-Alchemy-4-5-6-1-320×240.jpg

DESTINATION: Sokołowsko
TRANSPORT:
TRAIN: From Wrocław to Wałbrzych
BUS: From Wałbrzych to Mieroszów, the stop is Sokołowsko
WHERE TO STAY: Villa Rosa ( artistic, open-minded place)
WHAT TO TAKE: a pair of comfortble boots

3 pubs for gamers in Wroclaw

3 pubs for gamers in Wrocław

There are 3 pubs for gamers in Wroclaw, that I know of. If you are a gamer and want to spend quality time in a geeky place with your friends, Wroclaw has some very interesting options for you. Whether you want to organize a big meeting or just spontaneously go to a nerdy place, these are the places you can check out:

Padbar – the first pub for gamers in Poland

Padbar was founded in 2011. In time, it branched to three other cities. You can play here on an Xbox in beat’em ups and play FIFA with your friends, try the wide range of drinks and play board games for free. There’s also a Padbar Club. For 30 zlotys you can buy a membership card and gain points. For every 5 zł that you spend you gain points, that you can exchange for free drinks. I’ts good to make a reservation ahead of time, because of the sheer popularity of this place.

Location: Kazimierza Wielkiego Street 1 in  Time’s building

Site: http://wroclaw.padbar.pl/kontakt/

Cybermachina – franchise nerd pub

Cybermachina was opened in back in 2015. It’s the largest chain of pubs for geeks in Poland, it has a total of 8 locations in the country. There’s a wide variety of drinks, that reference pop culture. They have Czech and regional beer, you can also eat some snacks and toasts. There are many consoles, arcade games and board games free of charge.

Cybermachina has game tournaments, as well as regular sporting events (such as football matches on TV). Sometimes they also organize small meetings for people working in the gaming industry in Wroclaw. They are called Pog(R)adajmy and you have to check their Facebook page for more details. You have keep in mind that they close fairly early. Usually opening hours span from 2 pm to 1 am.

Location: Szczytnicka Street 52

Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/CybermachinaWroclaw/

Hex – cafe mixed with pub for the board games enthusiasts

Hex’s origins are a cafe with board games in Cracow. Their second coffeehouse mixed with a bar was openend in Wroclaw in 2014. Since then they have presented about 400 different board games to their guests. Hex host board game competitions, they also have card games. On the occasions they organize Hearthstone tournaments – but you have to bring your own Smartphone or laptop to play. Sometimes they have special workshops for people interested in learning how to play board games. Also you can check out prototypes, that upcoming creators bring to the cafe. They even have their own game, called “Tawerna Hex”. You can also drink some niche beer and eat different meals. Hex is usually open to guests from 3 pm to midnight, but you have check whether they have spare seats before, because of the various events.

Location: Dubois Street 33/35b

Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/pg/Hex.wroclaw/

 

 

 

 

 

Ostrow Tumski – in the footsteps of the old town

Ostrow Tumski

Wrocław is famous not only for its many bridges

But also for its magnificent architecture and historic sites. One of them is Ostrow Tumski, which is the oldest historic part of Wrocław. Interestingly, a well-known Polish astronomer Mikołaj Kopernik lived there for several years.

Ostrow Tumski

impresses with its views, cathedrals, and a great place for walks along the Oder.

  • Legends say that Wrocław originates from Ostrow Tumski due to its location in the area of ​​crossings on the Oder.
  • Interestingly, there is a Gothic archcathedral on it. John the Baptist, called the “mother of churches” of Lower Silesia.
  • Rebuilt after the II World War, it impresses and at the same time is a great vantage point for Wrocław.
  • Gothic chapels, rich decorations and unique architecture intrigue and attract not only tourists.

The Archdiocesan Museumin Wroclaw

Is the oldest museum in Wrocław, deserves an interest. The collections contain the most valuable and the most beautiful mementos of sacred art.

Immediately next to Ostrow Tumski, there is the Wroclaw Botanical Garden, where you can admire the magnificent vegetation and specially prepared exhibitions. It is a great place for walks on warm and sunny days.

Ostrow Tumski is one of the few places in this large and noisy city, where time flows much slower. He is known for being in love with the Tumski Bridge, where for many years there are padlocks with confessions and declarations of love.

There you can also admire gas lanterns, running the entire length of the route from the Tumski Bridge to the cathedral. Every night the lighthouse lights 91 gas lanterns, which makes it a unique and fairy-tale place.

Ostrow Tumski – tourist must see in Wroclaw

Is characterized by many wonderful places, attracting both tourists and residents. In its area there are magnificent cathedrals, a museum, as well as a characteristic bridge and a walking path along the Oder. At the Odra we also have the opportunity to sail by boat and spend our free time on the green areas or the newly built square on the other side of the shore. An interesting fact may be the fact that next to it there are the most popular in Wroclaw “Polish lody” about which taste and exceptionally long queues are already circulating legends on the Internet.

8 Festivals in Wroclaw

Festivals in Wroclaw

Wroclaw has one of the most complete cultural lives in Poland

Many festivals take place during the year, art, food, music all takes place in this wonderful Polish city, if you have enough time either as a tourist or as a student, these are some stops you must do:

Wroclaw Christmas Market – last few days of November to December 24th

Traditional Christmas fair in the Main Square area. Wooden stalls with craft goods, Christmas ornaments and traditional regional food. There are also stalls with mulled wine. Open from 10 am to 8 pm. – http://www.jarmarkbozonarodzeniowy.co…

“Festival of Good Beer” 

this is one of the popular festivals in Wroclaw. Takes place every year on the second weekend of May in areas of the castle and the Park Leśnicki. The festival lasts for three days (Friday, Saturday, Sunday). At the festival you can try hundreds of beers from dozens of small breweries in Europe. http://www.festiwaldobregopiwa.pl/ https://www.facebook.com/festiwaldobr…

Long Night of the Museums (19 May)

Wrocław museums, galleries, exhibitions spaces and many cultural institutions are open until small hours throughout the night. Visitors are admitted free of charge or at a nominal fee.

“Musica Electronica Nova”– May

Festival, like an atom structure… interpretation / integration / interaction… sound, light, picture, move, dimension, and time… multi-layered structures… XX and XXI century electronic music point of view ” –  http://www.musicaelectronicanova.pl/en/

“BRAVE Festival”- June

If you are looking festivals in Wroclaw – this is it! Different cultures and different forms of art. Each year the main theme of the Festival is different. “Each edition of the festival focuses on a different aspect of either humanity, art or region of the world”. – http://bravefestival.pl/

“BuskerBus” – great festivals in Wroclaw

International Street Art Festival – June / July – Festival that promotes free and independent artists –http://www.buskerbus.com/en

“Wroclaw NonStop”

Cultural Marathone – Summer– It is a ten-day-long international summer festival which offers insight look into a range of different local cultural experiences.

“Nowe Horyzonty “

New Horizons International Film Festival- July or August – Movies shown all around the city – in multiplexes, small cinemas and also open-air screenings on the city Main Square. – http://www.nowehoryzonty.pl/index.do?…

 

Great Polish references

Throughout history there have been many people who have made history worldwide to excel in their work and lead an exemplary life.
Many of them are of Polish origin:

 

In Art:   Stanisław Wyspiański

Stanisław Wyspiański (January 15, 1869, Kraków – November 28, 1907, Kraków), was one of the most versatile and outstanding artists of his time, in Europe, as this painter, architect and cabinetmaker, was also a playwright Polish very influential.

 

Born in Krakow, Stanisław Wyspiański was the son of Franciszek Wyspiański and Maria Rogowska (who died of tuberculosis in 1876). His father was a sculptor without reputation, of bourgeois origin, with problems of alcoholism, and it is not known if he promoted the first steps of his son. Of course, Stanisław, when adopted by Joanna Stankiewiczowa and her husband, who had contacts with artists, was able to study painting, literature and history with important figures of Krakow’s life.

 

Sport: Robert Lewandowski

 

Born in Krakow, Stanisław Wyspiański was the son of Franciszek Wyspiański and Maria Rogowska (who died of tuberculosis in 1876). His father was a sculptor without reputation, of bourgeois origin, with problems of alcoholism, and it is not known if he promoted the first steps of his son. Of course, Stanisław, when adopted by Joanna Stankiewiczowa and her husband, who had contacts with artists, was able to study painting, literature and history with important figures of Krakow’s life.

After being the top scorer of the third and second division of Polish football with the Znicz Pruszków, he moved to the First Division Lech Poznań team, where he won the Ekstraklasa 2009-10 and was also the top scorer of the maximum Polish soccer category .

In 2010, he was transferred to the German Borussia Dortmund run by Jürgen Klopp for 4.5 million euros, where he won several titles including two consecutive Bundesliga. Before the start of the 2014-15 season, he signed for what had been a direct rival for Dortmund in recent seasons, Bayern Munich, with which he won the Bundesliga 2014-15 in his first season.

 

Music: Chopin

 

Frédéric Chopin was born in the village of Żelazowa Wola, in the voivodeship of Mazovia, 60 kilometers from Warsaw in central Poland, on a small estate owned by Count Skarbek, who was part of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw. He received the name of Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin.

He was a Polish composer and virtuous considered one of the most important in history and one of the greatest representatives of musical Romanticism. His perfect technique, his stylistic refinement and his harmonic elaboration have been compared historically, for his lasting influence in the music of later times, with those of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms or Franz Liszt.

 

in Religion: Juan Pablo II

John Paul II (in Latin: Ioannes Paulus II), 4 of secular name Karol Józef Wojtyła5 (Wadowice, Poland, May 18, 1920-Vatican City, April 2, 2005), was Pope 264 of the Church Catholic and sovereign of the Vatican City from October 16, 1978 until his death in 2005. He was canonized in 2014, during the pontificate of Francisco.

Having been auxiliary bishop (since 1958) and archbishop of Krakow (since 1962), he became the first Polish pope in history, and in the first non-Italian since 1523. His pontificate of almost 27 years was the third longest in the history of the Catholic Church, after that of St. Peter (it is believed that between 34 and 37 years, although its exact duration is difficult to determine) and that of Pius IX (31 years). John Paul II was hailed as one of the most influential leaders of the twentieth century, remembered especially for being one of the main symbols of anti-communism, 8 and for his fight against the expansion of Marxism in places like Latin America, where he fought energetically to the known movement as the theology of liberation, with the help of his right hand and ultimately his successor, Joseph Ratzinger.